What is it?
It is a simple procedure to place sperm in the womb at the fertile time when for some reason this is indicated, for example for ejaculation or sperm problems with the male partner or many other causes.
What tests are required before starting an artificial insemination treatment?
The main tests which may be required are:
Ultrasound: in order to confirm that the uterus and the ovaries are normal and ready to start the treatment.
Hysterosalpingography: to confirm the patency of the fallopian tubes, namely that at least one allows the passage of fluid (implying they are not both blocked).
Hormone analysis: this may be required
Sperm analysis: important to confirm or exclude a normal sample before commencing treatment
Should I sign a consent form before treatment?
You are required to sign a specific consent form after being advised of, and understanding, all relevant medical, biological, legal and ethical aspects. Our clinical team will fully address any concerns you have before signing the consent form and proceeding to treatment.
What are the risk factors of an intrauterine insemination?
The main risks are:
- Multiple pregnancy. There is a significant risk (20% to 25%) of a twin pregnancy. The risk of triplets is very low (<5%) and even lower for higher order multiple pregnancies.
- Ectopic pregnancy. Sometimes implantation occurs outside the uterine cavity which is a potentially dangerous outcome. It is not common (2-3%) after insemination.
- Ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome. This can cause excessive ovaries enlargement, fluid accumulation in the tummy and a distended abdomen. Patients with polycystic ovarian morphology have a higher risk. This is not common in this treatment scenario and more so with IVF treatment.
What you need to do
Learn about the steps involved in having Artificial Insemination (IUI) – when to start your medication, notify us, book your scan and your pre-scan checklist.
Information about additional support medications
Aspirin, Clexane, Steroids, Intralipids, Neupogen.